Tuesday, April 8, 2014

Castle on the Hungarian-Slovakian border (Somoskő, Hungary)


Somoskő Castle was built on a basalt peak with an elevation of 526 m. The partly renovated castle can be found in Slovakia now, but it can be visited freely from the Hungarian village Somoskő as well. From its huge, round tower we can admire the landscape almost from a bird’s eye view.









Somoskői vár



Magyarul beszélő olvasóknak érdekesség Somoskőújfalu visszacsatolásának története Trianon után:

Monday, April 7, 2014

Mine Museum (Salgótarján, Hungary)


The museum – the first underground one in natural surroundings in Hungary – was opened in 1965 and since that time it has been a tourists’ attraction with most of the visitors. The former “József” drift mine (1937-1951) in the centre of the town shows old mining equipment in its original condition, which bears witness to the past of coal mining in Nógrád County. The once busy mine was declared an industrial monument in 1980.


In 1985 an historical exhibition was opened in the neighbouring building of the former mining colony and in 1986 the methods of transporting coal on the surface were also put on display around it.


The aim of Nógrád Museum of History is to provide visitors with information about the past of coal mining in Nógrád County, which dates back almost 160 years, together with memorable experiences.


There are many towns and villages with monuments and memorial sites in honour of the past of coal-mining, and the clusters of buildings, relics of coal-mining, memorial events and celebrations in former mining settlements still cherish the once glorious past.


A place which is most definitely worth a visit is the Museum and Exhibition Site of Coal Mining where you can even have a tour in a former pit. In the 280-m-long system of tunnels you can get a full picture of a real coal-mine, its machines and equipment, with the help of items of exhibition, including museum piece machines, images in period uniforms, and even the image of a pit-pony.






(Source: http://www.salgotarjan-turizmus.hu )

Thursday, March 27, 2014

The cliff of witches


The Boszorkányko (Witchstone) is 576 meters high. Its three sectioned bizarre ridge shows a number of various basalt formations. On the northeastern side of the ridge vertical, on the southeastern end horizontal layers can be seen. The columns characterizing the basalt is mostly appears in a rectangular form but curved polygonal columns can also be found.An educational path encircling the rock helps the visitors showing each stages of the volcanic eruption. Beside the geological sights the vegetation of the rock is also noticeable.


Wednesday, March 26, 2014

Castle of Salgó


Long time ago in Nógrád county (Hungary) among the hills of Medves on a 625 m high volcanic rock a small stronghold was built. In the beginning it was only a square-shaped stone tower. People called it Salgó witch means shine. However it’s still not clear, that the name Salgó was the name of the volcanic peak, or they started to call the place like this name only after when the tower has been erected.


This fortified tower was built by the Kacsics clan, who were the lords around this hills, in the 13th century. According to some certain consideration the building of this tower was related to the Mongol invasion (1241-1242), because all over Hungary only the fortified towns or castles could resist the Tartar’s army. The sieges of fortresses were not the Tatar’s cup of tea. After the invasion the king, IV. Béla ordered and supported the fortifications of manor houses and towns or to build new strongholds as well. Salgó started as a small a tower (7,5 x 9,5 m) and a small castle-yard.


It is supposed that the cellar of the tower was used as a prison. The water-supply was a difficult one on this volcanic rock, therefore in the lower level of the peak, under the tower, they constructed a water-collecting cistern. This rock-castle had two cistern, a huge and a smaller one. The water was essential, not only for drink but for fight the fire to. In 1460 the Hussites captured the small fortress of Salgó. King Mathias the First recaptured it in the same year and gave it to Imre Szapolyai. This time was the great age of Salgó.


The lower castle-yard was built in that time and the upper castle-yard became roofed-over. This part of the yard became a living space. The lord of the castle didn’t live in Salgó but his substitute, the castellan lived in this upper yard living building. In the lower castle-yard there were the stables and the storehouses. In the 16th century a huge pentagonal battlement ( 14 x 15 m) was built in the east side of the rock. Although even this reinforced building could not resist the Turkish (Ottoman) attack.


Legends were told, that Kara Hamza bey, the governor of Szécsény and Hatvan, took the castle by ruse. He made his soldiers to lay tree trunks on to gun carriages and push them under the fortress. The soldiers in the tower thought that the trunks were real guns because they couldn't see well in the fog. They handed over Salgó. In the reality the fortress was shelled into ruins by the turks. They set the artillery on the top of the neighboring hill, opposite to Salgó called Kis-Salgó (Small-Salgó) or Boszorkánykő (The cliff of witches).



The father of Bálint Balassi, the great Hungarian poet, got the fortress (however the Turkish was in it). After his death his sons Bálint and Ferenc Kövér couldn’t decide who’s the owner. It was an acrimonious lawsuit of long standing between them. In 1593 Michael Pálffy and Christof Tieffenbach reoccupied Salgó. Bálint Balassi died in 1594 in the siege of Esztergom. The nephew of Bálint herited the ruins of Salgó but he let it alone. The ruins was overgrown with grass and shrubs. When Sándor Petőfi an other great and famous poet of Hungary climbed up to the ruins of Salgó in 1845 the atmosphere of the ruins made him write his romantic poetry: Salgó. This is a tragic story about Kompolti clan the lords of Salgó who tyrannized the region, which were under their power. The story is based on a traditional legend.
(Source: www.salgovar.hu  )


Nowdays Salgó is a well-known, beauty tourist spot. It’s near to Salgótarján, 120 km far from Budapest.


Tuesday, March 18, 2014

Copy of Castle Eger - Pilisborosjenő

Copy of Fortress Eger is situated near Pilisborosjenő. The "castle" was built as a scenery for the shooting of the movie Egri csillagok (Stars of Eger) in the late 1960s.

Sunday, March 9, 2014